269px Bass and Treble clef.svg Notes and Clefs

Treble and Bass Clefs with note letters and numbers (Photo credit: Wikipedia)

By Sunil Kumar

Reading Music, let us learn us together. Notes and clefs.

In traditional music theory pitch classes are represented by the first seven letters of the Latin alphabet (A, B, C, D, E, F and G). India uses Sa, Re, Ga, Ma, Pa, Dha, Ni, Sa.

A musical note in traditional Western music notation is either normal, sharp or flat. A sharp is constituted as a “#” and a flat is a “b”. Say you take middle-C, Cb is going to be just to the left of it, and C# is just to the right. They’re normally 2 keys apart.

First discussion:

Staffs, Clefs and Ledger Lines:

This is the foundation on which notes are drawn.

The modern staff has five lines or four spaces.

Every line or space on the staff represents a white key on the keyboard.

Clefs are used to assign individual notes to certain lines or spaces. There are two clefs that are used generally: Treble Clef( looks like an ampersand &) and the Bass Clef.

First we discuss the Treble Clef. The note on which it wraps around is known as the G. (one line above)  Any note placed on this line is called as G. Any note above this is called as B. The process continues: C, D,E,F,G.  If you run out of space, we find a ledger line. It extends the staff.

Let’s discuss the B clef(also known as the F clef). The staff line between the two dots of this clef is the F. You can fill the rest with other notes.

The Grand Staff is also an interesting concept. It consists of eleven lines, if you eliminate the middle part, you come up with two staffs. You can add a Treble(G) clef on the top, and a Bass clef(C) at the bottom. The two clefs are joined by the C. It is called the middle C, since it is equivalent to the middle line on the grand staff.

 

 

 

 

 Notes and Clefs
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